ISU Purchasing Policies and Guidelines

Table of Contents

Foreword
The primary purpose of the Purchasing and Receiving Department of Indiana State University is to provide efficient services to all departments of the University in the procurement of equipment, supplies, and services. The size and complexity of the institution, as well as the requirements of efficient business practice, make it essential that uniform policies and regulations relative to purchasing procedures be in place.

The policies and guidelines outlined in this manual have been approved by the University Board of Trustees and are intended to assist the faculty and staff in understanding the procedures and responsibilities of the University Purchasing and Receiving Department in acquiring the supplies, equipment, and contractual services necessary for operation of the University.

Since these policies and procedures are designed to serve the interest of the departments, as well as to meet policy requirements of the University, faculty and staff are requested to give their full support and cooperation. It is recognized that problems and misinterpretations of regulations may occur. In such instances, departments are urged to discuss these problems with the Purchasing and Receiving Department and to call upon this office whenever assistance is needed.

Kevin L. Barr, Director
Purchasing and Receiving

Introduction
This manual represents and contains policies and guidelines required of all University personnel when procuring goods and services.

It is the intent of this document to provide faculty and staff with a clear and concise guide outlining policies and procedures which have been approved for use at Indiana State University.

Purchasing Authority
The Purchasing and Receiving Department implements the procurement function as delegated and approved by the Indiana State University Board of Trustees.

The Purchasing and Receiving Department has been charged by the Board of Trustees with the responsibility for the procurement of all materials, equipment, supplies, and contract services; of warehouse operations; and of disposal and sale of surplus materials and equipment.  Additionally, the Board of Trustees has authorized purchases by University Departments that use the ISU procurement card, provided the established rules for the procurement card program are followed.  The procurement card procedures can be found on the Purchasing Department’s web site at: http://www.indstate.edu/purchasing/

The Purchasing and Receiving Department therefore has the sole authority to order materials, equipment, etc., and obligate the University for same, except for purchases made through the procurement card program. Any orders, whether written or verbal, will be recognized only if authorized by or through the Purchasing and Receiving Department, or as a result of the proper use of the procurement card system.

Procurement shall be conducted according to Indiana Statutes 5-22-16-4, 6-2.5-4-14, and 6-2.5-8-10, which requires that state educational institutions provide the State of Indiana with vendor lists, in order to determine if they have a registered retail merchant certificate and are not delinquent in paying gross retail and use taxes.

The following items are not routinely handled by the Purchasing and Receiving Department:

Procedures and Policies on Bidding:

Public Works Projects:
Public works projects (construction, renovation etc.) are advertised and competitively bid according to Indiana Statute 5-16.

Purchasing Supplies, Equipment, Services, and Public Works:
Requirements for the purchase of supplies, equipment, services and public works are competitively bid according to the following:

Under $1,000:
ISU procurement cards, or a requisition, are to be used for most purchases under $1,000.  Verbal or written quotations are not required; however, there may be instances where the buyer of items at this dollar level may want to verify pricing in some manner.

$1,000 to $3,000*:
Requisitions are to be used for any purchases over $1,000.  A verbal and/or a written quotation will be solicited at these dollar levels.

Over $3,000*:
Written quotations are to be solicited from a minimum of three vendors on Indiana State University forms.

*Certain situations, circumstances, standardized sources, and/or emergency requirements may demand flexibility and/or an immediate solution. The buying staff is expected to interpret, adequately document, and handle purchases in the best interests of the University.

Board Approval
The following will require approval of the Board of Trustees:

*     In limited circumstances where the delay of a purchase transaction to comply with this provision would produce substantial safety or operational issues, or economic hardship, the Treasurer and or the President may authorize the transaction following approval by the State of Indiana and subject to full disclosure and reporting at the next scheduled Board of Trustees meeting.

Reporting to the Board
The following items will be reported to the Board of Trustees: 

Ordering Procedure                                                    

* See “Awarding Orders” section for further details.

Minority Purchasing
Indiana State University is committed to providing minority vendors every opportunity to compete for its business. Efforts will be made to identify minority vendors and solicit quotes from these vendors wherever possible. Efforts will also be made to communicate with minority vendors regarding the University requirements and the purchasing process so that they may become more viable suppliers.

Procurement shall be conducted according to the “Governor’s Commission on Minority Business Development,” Indiana Statute 4-13-16.5, concerning minority and women owned business enterprises.  The Governor’s Commission is charged with establishing annual goals for the use of minority and women owned business enterprises.

Reciprocity
Indiana State University personnel will not participate in reciprocal purchasing arrangements. Indiana State University shall continue to separate purchasing considerations from the objectives of fund raising endeavors of the institution.

Code of Ethics
The Purchasing and Receiving staff supports and implements the Code of Ethics of the National Association of Educational Buyers.

Conflict of Interest
State Statute #35-44-1-3,
Conflicts of interest; public servants:

"A public servant who knowingly or intentionally: (1) has a pecuniary interest in; or (2) derives a profit from; a contract or purchase connected with an action by the governmental entity served by the public servant commits conflict of interest, a Class D felony."

Conflict of interest occurs when a person's private interests and his or her University responsibilities are at odds. This means an individual should not be in a position to gain personally as a result of conducting business on behalf of the University.

Employees engaged in any aspect of the purchasing process are expected to be free of interests or relationships which are actually or potentially detrimental to the best interests of Indiana State University. For instance, employees should not be conducting University business with a company he or she substantially owns or with businesses substantially owned by close relatives.

Complete disclosure shall be made to the Secretary of the University of any potential conflict to allow sufficient opportunity of appropriate review prior to entering into such a situation.

These steps are taken to ensure that all job related decisions are made on sound business principles.

The buying staff at Indiana State University shall annually sign conflict of interest statements.

Gratuities
Gratuities offered by suppliers are a part of the ethics issue since they may be designed to (or may appear to) subvert the purchasing professional or other's judgment. The NAEB Code of Ethics reprinted earlier states "Decline personal gifts or gratuities". Exceptions to this statement which are generally acceptable include:

Should a questionable situation arise, the Indiana State University employee should contact his or her immediate supervisor or the director of purchasing.

Purchases for Employees
Indiana State University's Purchasing and Receiving Department shall not acquire goods or services for the personal use of employees.

Awarding Orders
Only Purchasing and Receiving has the authority to commit Indiana State University in contracting for material and services except for the specific areas itemized under section Purchasing Authority.

Awards shall be made employing a combination of the following criteria:

Orders placed with single source pricing should be documented to indicate reasonableness of offer.

Prepayment of orders. Payment for goods or services shall not be tendered until requested goods or services have been received and approved by the requesting department. The following exceptions exist:

It shall be University policy that ISU will not commercially endorse vendors or their products, or services, without the express prior written approval of the President of the University.

Release of Procurement Information
The following will govern the release of information gathered during the procurement process:

Disposal and Redistribution of University Property
When an item no longer is wanted by a user department, the Purchasing and Receiving Department will attempt to redistribute the item within the University based on equitable criteria. Should there be no need for the item within the University, it may then be sold or traded outside the University.

Unusable property or parts that can be sold for junk will be accumulated and sold by the Purchasing and Receiving Department, and if unsalable as junk, will be properly discarded.

Usable property which cannot be relocated with a University department will be disposed of in accordance with the following procedures:

Demonstration or Sample Material
University employees desiring to see samples or have equipment demonstrated should contact the appropriate commodity buyer in the Purchasing and Receiving Department for assistance.

University personnel who find the need to contact sales representatives directly are reminded to advise the prospective vendor that no commitments or deliveries may be made until a purchase order has been properly issued by the Purchasing and Receiving Department. Vendors are to provide their own insurance coverage for any equipment or material requested for trial or demonstration purposes by the Purchasing and Receiving Department.

Emergency Orders (Repairs)
Emergency orders must be kept to a minimum. Generally, emergency order procedures will not be used unless the savings realized by formal procurement practices would be offset by a corresponding or greater loss to the department as a result of the delay.

Failure to anticipate a need is not, of itself, considered a bona fide emergency.

Other emergency repairs may be expedited by entering the requisition electronically into the POS system and then contacting the appropriate buyer to request that they expedite the order. If the department does not have the capability to enter the requisition electronically into the POS system, they may hand deliver the requisition to the appropriate buyer for processing.

Fund Sources
All funds deposited with the University, regardless of source, are University funds and must be handled in accordance with University policy. Although departments are allocated funds in their budgets for a given period, this allocation is only an authority to requisition, not to purchase, unless the purchase is an authorized purchase using an ISU procurement card.

Purchases from Faculty and/or Staff
Official University policy is not to purchase from faculty and/or staff members. The only exceptions to this policy are: when the purchase of an item cannot be obtained elsewhere because the faculty and/or staff member has designed and made it; it is a one-item, one-time purchase which has very obvious advantages to the University. An example would be a faculty member who has a special piece of equipment or a book collection that would be advantageous for the University to obtain.

Buying from faculty and/or staff members is discouraged because: a faculty and/or staff member may be recommending purchases of their own product; other faculty and/or staff members may recommend purchases of a product from a fellow faculty and/or staff member; and, as a public institution, the University would be subject to criticism for making such purchases.

For exceptional cases the procedure for the Purchasing and Receiving Department is to request the approval of the vice president for business affairs and the president. Only upon the receipt of such approval will the Purchasing and Receiving Department make the purchase.

Sales Tax
The University is exempt from Indiana tax (and other States where recognized), and city sales and use tax. When requested, the Purchasing and Receiving Department will furnish a copy of the University's tax-exemption certificate.

Selection of Vendors
Vendors are selected for their capability to serve the needs of the University in the most economical and efficient manner possible.  Past performance and cooperation are important factors.  Vendors must comply with the Equal Opportunity Act (Executive Order 11246 as amended), since it is the policy of the University to promote the full realization of equal employment opportunity through an Affirmative Action program.  Vendors must also comply with other laws and directives as they are issued.

Sole Source
A sole source purchase is one wherein an item that is needed can only be purchased from a single source. This situation makes it impossible to obtain competitive bids. Purchasing and Receiving will always require documentation from the requisitioning department to justify why the technical characteristics inherent in the item make it essential to the project that it should be purchased in preference to another brand of lower but similar capabilities.

Final responsibility in determining whether an item is a proprietary item and may be purchased from a sole source rests with the Purchasing and Receiving Department.

Supply Sources
Requisitioning departments are encouraged to suggest sources of supply for unusual items. Authority for the final selection of the vendor, however, shall be left to the Purchasing and Receiving Department, which will make its decision in light of the overall needs of the University.

University Name, Logo, and/or Marks
The University has a licensing program regarding the use of the University name, logos, and/or marks for the purpose of commercial sales. Any use of these trademark(s) can only be legally utilized if a license is obtained from the University to produce items for commercial purposes.

Items sold utilizing the trademarks of the University without the approval and license shall be subject to seizure and legal action by the University.

Information concerning licensing agreements may be obtained by contacting the director of purchasing and receiving at (812) 237-3600.

 

Indiana State University’s Purchasing Policies and Guidelines, approved by Indiana State University’s Board of Trustees, 7/16/2004