C. RUSSELL STAFFORD
Professor of Anthropology
Ph.D., Arizona State University
Office: Science 159-O
Chairperson, Department of Earth & Environmental Systems
ISU Theodore Dreiser Distinguished Research & Creativity Award 2001
Course Instruction: Prehistory & Climate Change, Environmental Archaeology, Archaeological Methods, Midwestern Archaeology, Geoarchaeology
Research Interests: Geoarchaeology, GIS, Archaeology, Lithics, Midwest Archaic
Research Profile: My research focus is on Geoarchaeology and Midwest Archaic hunter-gatherers. I have been interested in building models to predict the location of buried archaeological sites in the central Ohio River Valley using a soil-geomorphic approach. In addition my research has centered on explaining the shift from mobile Early Archaic hunter-gatherers to more sedentary settlement in the Late Archaic, primarily in southern Indiana.
1979 Some Issues Concerning the Design of Lithic Experiments (with B. Stafford). Lithic Technology 8(2):21-24.
1982 Quantification in American Archaeology: A Historical Perspective (with G.A. Clark). World Archaeology 14:98-119.
1983 The Functional Hypothesis: A Formal Approach to Use-Wear Experiments and Settlement-Subsistence (with B. Stafford). Journal of Anthropological Research 39:351-375.
1985 Data Transformations of Archaeological Variables: A Computer Assisted Graphic Approach. Advances in Computer Archaeology 2:38-51.
1991 Archaic Period Logistical Foraging Strategies in West-Central Illinois. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 16:212-246.
1992 Landscape Scale: Geoenvironmental Approaches to Prehistoric Settlement Strategies (with E. Hajic). In Space, Time, and Archaeological Landscapes, pp. 137-161, edited by J. Rossignol and L. Wandsnider. Plenum Press, New York.
1992 Prehistoric Settlement and Landscape Change on Alluvial Fans in the Upper Mississippi River Valley (with D. Leigh & D.Asch). Geoarchaeology 7:287-314.
1994 Structural Changes in Archaic Landscape Use in the Dissected Uplands of Southwestern Indiana. American Antiquity 59:219-237.
1995 Geoarchaeologcial Perspectives on Paleolandscapes and Regional Subsurface Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 2:64-104.
1997 Prehistoric Peoples of Indiana. In Natural Heritage of Indiana, edited by M. Jackson. pp. 360-367. Indiana University Press.
1998 The Geomorphology of Sugar Loaf Mound: Prehistoric Cemeteries and the Formation of Loess Cones in the Lower Wabash Valley. Geoarchaeology 13:649-672.
2000 The Bluegrass Fauna and Changes in Middle Holocene Hunter-gatherer Foraging in the Southern Midwest (with R.Richards and C.M. Anslinger). American Antiquity 65:317-336.
2002 The Hidden Record: Late Holocene Landscapes and Settlement Archaeology in the Lower Ohio River Valley (with S. Creasman). Geoarchaeology: 17:117-140.
2004 Modeling Soil-Geomorphic Associations and Archaic Stratigraphic Sequences in the Lower Ohio River Valley. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:1053-1067.2009 Archaic Period Chronology in the Hill Country of Southern Indiana (with M. Cantin) Archaic Societies: Diversity and Complexity Across the Midcontinent, pp. 287-313, edited by T. Emerson et al., State University of New York Press, Albany.